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重慶南岸區雅思封閉班地址

機構:津橋國際學院時間:2020-12-15 12:01:53 點擊:438

雅思培訓課程

重慶南岸區雅思封閉班地址 雅思大作文的語法,需要備好各種從句:賓語從句:文章中提出觀點的好句型,無論是你自己的觀點還是文章中原來給出的觀點都可以。建議多用that引導的,不容易出錯,如:some people think/agree/suggest/insist that...E.g:A growing number of parents believe that being overly dependent on social networkingwebsites only makes their children more isolated in the real world. 重慶南岸區雅思封閉班地址

雅思閱讀省略句的省略現象

為了避免重復,使語言簡練緊湊,在不損害句子結構或引起誤解的情況下,往往省略一個或多個句子成分或詞語。今天給大家分享了雅思閱讀省略句的省略現象,趕緊來看看吧!


雅思閱讀省略句的省略現象

文章要做到簡潔,省略法(Ellipsis)是必用的。

英語句子中的某些成分因上下文已提供了充分明確的信息而不必出現,或前面已出現的某些成分,為了避免不必要的重復,可以不再出現而不致引起誤解或歧義,這種語言現象就叫作省略。例如:Gladto see you. 這是個簡單句,主語I和謂語am可以省略。再如:London is on the Themes,and Paris on theSeine.這是一個并列復合句,后半句省略了謂語動詞is,因為前面已經出現過,后面不必重復。英譯漢時,為了使譯文明確達意,符合漢語習慣,要在正確理解原文的基礎上,對原文中省略的部分或保留或補全,或對其進行靈活處理。

有人將英語句子中的省略現象歸納為21種,本章只涉及在英語閱讀中常遇到的比較復雜的省略現象。

1. The transcription needs a certain amount of editing,as even if thecomputer can tell the difference between words of similar sounds such as writeand right,it is still not yet able to do the work as well as an intelligentsecretary.

第一層:The transcription 主 needs 謂 a certain amount of 定 editing,賓 as even ifthe computer can tell the difference between words of similar 狀語從句  sounds suchas write and right, it is still not yet able to do the work as well as anintelligent secretary.

第二層:(狀語從句)as 引 even if the computer can tell the difference between wordsof similar sounds such as write and right,狀語從句1 it 主 is 系 still not yet 狀 able 表to do the work 賓 as well as an inte- lligent secretary . 狀語從句2

第三層:(狀語從句1)even if 引 the computer 主 can tell 謂 the difference 賓 betweenwords of similar sounds 定 such as write and right 同位語

(狀語從句2)as well as 引 an intelligent secretary 主

要點 本句中as引導原因狀語從句,其中該句還帶有一個由even if引導的讓步狀語從句;介詞短語between words of similarsounds修飾difference,such as write and right修飾words,as wellas……為同等比較狀語從句,其中省略了與主句相同的部分。intelligent:有才智的;理解力強的。

譯文 譯稿需要一定量的編輯工作,因為,即使計算機能夠區別同音異義詞,如write和right,它仍不可能把這項工作做得像有思維能力的秘書那樣好。

雅思閱讀的信號詞有哪些

1、表達客觀結論findings

例詞:indicate that, suggest that, find out, conclude that, point out, reportthat, demonstrate that…

考點:But Byers points out that the benefits of increased exercise disappearrapidly after training stops, so any improvement in endurance resulting fromjuvenile play would be lost by adulthood.(C4, P50, T38配對題)

解析:配對題目是典型的人名和成果的配對,我們到文章中定位人名就比較好找到答案,可是人名出現的地方就一定是考點么?不見得。但是一旦表達客觀結論的信號詞與人名同時出現時,就是考點出沒的地方了。這類觀點信號詞在雅思閱讀考試中還是比較容易找到,也就比較容易定位的。

2、表達主觀觀點statements, opinions

例詞:say, believe, argue that, maintain that, claim…

考點:The UCSF researchers maintain that the simplest and most cost-effectiveaction is to establish smoke-free work places, schools and public places. (C3,P20, T27分類題)

解析:這道分類題考察區分a finding和an opinion.表達個人觀點(anopinion)帶有一定的主觀性,所用的信號詞顯然與客觀事實發現(afinding)的有所區別。除了上面列舉的例詞之外,很多表達主觀想法的雅思閱讀考試詞匯都可以做這樣的判斷。

3、特殊符號

例詞: ‘word’, ——, word…

考點:In very significant cases of role change, e.g. from a soldier in theranks to officer, from bachelor to married man, the change of role has to have avery obvious sign, hence rituals.(C3, P48, T37完成句子)

解析:文中斜體的部分其實就是考察的考點,不知道這個詞語的意思沒有關系,只要能判斷,需要填寫的單詞是斜體部分,照抄過來就可以輕松拿分。


雅思閱讀有哪些必備關系詞

1. 表轉折:

but, however, yet, in fact, on the other hand;

雅思培訓課程

A, but B: 否定A而肯定B,則A,B兩部分內容是相反的。

例如:Computerized data storage and electronic mail were to have heralded thepaper less office. But, contrary to expectations, paper consumption throughoutthe world shows no sign of abating .

解釋:paper less 表示負向,則but后no sign of abating 表示正向,所以abating是表示負向的詞。

總結:此種方法有利于在不認識單詞的前提下讀懂句子意思,很有幫助,但一定要練習,而且要敏感。

練習:The marginal costs of generating electricity from nuclear energy may betiny, but , as the technology now stands, huge and uncertain costs are involvedin building the power stations, dealing with spent fuel, anddecommissioning.

2. 表讓步:

(1)although:although A, B:盡管有A,B還是出現了(A,B互不影響)若A是正,那B就是負的。

例如:Although the world regards Asia as the focus of an economic andindustrial miracle, without adequate supplies of food, Lampe says, chaos couldeasily result in many countries.

解釋:miracle奇跡,表正向,則but后的chaos是一個表負向的詞。

(2)while:五個含義:

A. although:雖然,盡管

B. as long as:只要

C. whereas, but:表轉折

D.when:當。。。的時候

E. n. 表一段時間

例如:While ducks offer many advantages over hens, they must be given greaterquality of food, especially if regular eggs are desired.

解釋:原文在本段之前講鴨子的好,在本段之后講它的不好。

(3)Albeit:盡管,雖然

例如:Albeit true but not now.

3. 表并列:A and B

A...and B...

(1) 并列雙方性質相同;

(2) 當A、B都比較復雜時,應該從最后一項找起,根據B的形式到前文找到A

例如:The modern city consists of monstrous edifices and of dark, narrowstreets full of petrol fumes and toxic gases, torn by the noise of the taxicabs,lorries and buses, and thronged ceaselessly by great crowds.

解釋:此句話中共有四個and ,第一個and 并列of 結構,第二個and 并列fumes和toxic,第三個and并列taxicabs,lorries 和buses, 第四個and并列full of …, torn by… 和thronged…

4 表遞進:沒有轉折的意思,后項承接上文。

A furthermore B

A moreover B

A besides B

A為正向,B 仍為正向。

雅思培訓課程

5 表順序或過程:

(1) first, then, next, later on, finally

(2) 1st, 2nd, 3rd…

(3) in the first place, in the second place…

(4) before…, after…

(5) once, until, as soon as,…

6 特殊的關鍵詞:人名,地名,時間,數字,生詞(這是最好的定位標準,多以A---A形式重現)

7.比較級:類比

對比

(1) as…as, like 類比

(2) more…than, unlike 對比

(3) 不同的時間導致強的對比關系

例如:一段講1840年,…

1919年.。。

二段講2003年出現了A++(生詞)…

問題是,2003年人們有了A++, 1840年的時候人們沒有什么?

(4) 不同的地點導致強對比關系

例如:In Australia, only,….

In Asia, many, A(生詞)

問題是,Australia缺什么?

8. 例如:A for example = :=—— B

A是理論,B是解釋

9. 因果關系:

(1) 大因果關系/分句間因果關系(即:原因、結果是兩句話)

because, in that, as, since, for, so(that), therefore, thus, hence, as aresult

(2) 小因果關系/句內因果關系(在一句話中,通過v.來表達)

例如:Increased air temperature brought about higher sea levels.

Cause, lead to, result in/ from, contribute to, pose, help, create, affect,influence, attribute to.

Attribute A to B, 把A歸因于B (因為B所以A)

重慶南岸區雅思封閉班地址
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